Seven months after Napoleon entered Cairo, he set off for Sham, hoping to take control over it and the Jerusalem. However, Acre(A city in present Israel) stood and confronted him with resilience. He surrounded it, but then he faced defeat after defeat, and retreat in loss.

Upon arrival at Acre, Napoleon issued his famous statement to the Jews of the world that the French government has promised to return them to their original homeland in Palestine. The secular Napoleon who claims his opposition to the Church fills his statement with a number of verses from the Bible.

The secular government of France had prepared plans to form a Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine, in exchange that Jewish financiers would provide loans to French government which was suffering from financial crisis at the time.

Thus, Napoleon was the first politician to call the Jews to settle in Palestine. He declared this promise to them more than a century before the Balfour Promise.