In the book entitled “Beyond al-Qaeda” and published by the Rand Foundation, Rabasa and the co-authors state the following:

“Policymakers should consider ways of attacking al-Qaeda’s ideology. From the analysis in this book, it is clear that ideology is the center of gravity of the global jihadist phenomenon. If the ideology continues to spread and gain greater acceptance in the Muslim world, it will produce more terrorists to replenish the ranks of al-Qaeda and related groups. If the ideology is countered and discredited, al-Qaeda and its universe will wither and die. It follows that a comprehensive U.S strategy needs to move beyond the boundaries of conventional counterterrorism theory and practice and address these ideological and political factors.

Broadly, the strategy has four prongs: First, attack the ideological underpinnings of global jihadism. Second, seek to sever the links—ideological and otherwise—between the groups in the clusters of the terrorist nebula and the global jihad. Third, deny sanctuaries. Fourth, strengthen the capabilities of frontline states and moderate civil society groups to counter local jihadist threats in order to deny al-Qaeda alternative sanctuaries and over time reduce the “clusters” that compose the global jihadist movement.”

– Beyond al-Qaeda, p. xxiii – xxiv.